Studies have shown that as many as 80% of the adult population has some form of gum disease. In the early stages, it’s known as gingivitis. Your gums may be red in some areas and bleed when you brush or floss. At this point, the disease is easily treatable with professional dental cleanings and improvements of your home oral care, such as flossing and more frequent brushing.
If gingivitis progresses, an infection may develop leading to periodontitis, resulting in puffy and swollen gums, traces of blood on your toothbrush, or gums appearing purple or very red in areas. If not treated, the disease will progress to moderate and severe stages causing the breakdown of your gums and supporting bone.
Treatment will depend upon the type and severity of the gum disease. Possible treatment options include one or two hygiene cleanings and further home care instruction; deep cleaning through scaling, irrigation and root planning; or calculus and plaque removal from above and below the gum line allowing the gums to heal. To control the infection and help with healing, medications and mouth rinses may also be recommended. Riverfront Dental Design can provide you with a variety of treatment options, but if your periodontal disease is severe, we can refer you to a trusted periodontist.